Wednesday, October 10, 2007

Connect /as sysdba Fails With ORA-09925 for non Software Owners Which Are dba Group Members when Instance Is Down

Subject: Connect /as sysdba Fails With ORA-09925 for non Software Owners Which Are dba Group Members when Instance Is Down
Doc ID: Note:392643.1 Type: PROBLEM
Last Revision Date: 08-MAY-2007 Status: PUBLISHED

In this Document
Symptoms
Cause
Solution
References



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------



Applies to:
Oracle Server - Enterprise Edition - Version: 10.2 to 10.2.0.3
This problem can occur on any platform.

Symptoms
When a user belonging to the dba group but which is not the actual software owner tries to connect to the database as sysdba when the db is stopped, the following message is raised :

ERROR:
ORA-09925: Unable to create audit trail file
SVR4 Error: 13: Permission denied
Additional information: 9925

Permissions on the software binaries are set as required, as checked in $ORACLE_HOME/bin:

$ ls -al oracle*
-rwsr-s--x 1 ora10g dba 118487160 Sep 1 2005 oracle
-rwxr-xr-x 1 ora10g dba 0 Aug 13 2005 oracleO


Cause
The permissions on the adump directory were not set to accept file creation from other users than the software owner. In 10gR2, the adump directory is the new default directory for audit files (instead of $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/audit). As such, access to this directory is needed in order to connect / as sysdba because these connections are audited by default.

Solution
1. check if the
$ORACLE_BASE/admin//adump
directory exists and create it if not

2. change permissions on the directory to 775.

Comments: If you consider this to introduce a security risk then please only stop / start the database as the oracle software owner. Also note that during db startup naturally the audit_dump_dest parameter is not yet initialized so it can only write this specific audit files to the default destination. Also, writing these files is a mandatory requirement for NCSC C2 security evaluation criteria and therefore it cannot be turned off.

References
Note 103964.1 - How to Audit Connect Internal Using Oracle Server

Errors
ORA-9925 "Unable to create audit trail

Keywords
'START~DATABASE' 'AUDIT~TRAIL' 'PERMISSION~DENIED' 'CONNECT~/~AS~SYSDBA'

35 comments:

Anonymous said...

Hi,

I am currently auditing oracle datbase and i have a query in respect of DBA Group:

If I am member of DBA group, can i have access to oracle schema without supplying a username and password?

Thanks

Jean

Anonymous said...

To Jean,

If you have created a schema called oracle in database, you cannot login with username and password, with the above query if you are refering to sys dba login we can gain access to database as sys with haveing sys passsword using /as sysdba

But audit create a log for every log and try to create an audit log and failes, hence will not allow you to login. In the above case it will not allow any one to login oracle. It just trow same error for all login attempts..

Regards
Siva Prasad

Anonymous said...

I am really sorry in the above comment ... I mean we cannot login without username and password

Regards
Siva Prasad

Abhijit Lakras said...

CIS benchmark for oracle 11g recomments permissions on dump directory to be 600,
In such case what is the workaround or solution for this

Prashant said...

thanks brother. ur solution helped me a lot. God Bless

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